Bosnia and Herzegovina is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. On the north, west and southwest, it borders the Republic of Croatia, and on the east and south, it borders the countries of Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a small exit to the sea, stretching over about 21 km long coastline, near Neum.
Administratively, Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51%) and Republika Srpska (49%). The Federation of BiH further divides into 10 cantons which divide further into municipalities. Republika Srpska divides, administratively, into regions and further into municipalities. The territory of Brčko, which was subject to arbitration, came into possession neither of the Federation nor of Republika Srpska. Upon the decision passed by the Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, it was placed under the government of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a separate district.
Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of four large geographic regions. Central Bosnia (12,920 km2, 1,249,000 residents) stretches over the central Bosnian territory. It is the most developed region of the country, having been the crossroad and summing junction of differing influences and interests of neighbouring Peripannonic, karstic and sub-Mediterranean areas, since ancient times. The High Karst of Bosnia and Herzegovina (11,842 km2, 325,000 residents) covers mountainous karstic territory of western Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the scarcest populated and poorest area of the country with only 9% of arable land and less than 30% of population. The Mediterranean region, so-called Lowland Herzegovina (5,399 km2, 296,000 residents), is the smallest geographic entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina and it covers the tramontane region of the central littoral area.
Capital City: Sarajevo
Area: 52.280 km2
Population: 4.354.911 (1991)
The lowest a.s.l. point: The town of Neum, 0 m
The highest a.s.l. point: Maglić, 2386 m
Coastline: 21,2 km
Peoples: Bosniacs, Serbs, Croats, Others.
Official languages: Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian.
- January 1st and 2nd - New Year
- March 1st - Independence Day
- May 1st and 2nd - International Labor Day
- November 25th - National Holiday